In Christian Laborg’s Visual Grammer, while take a look at chapter three, the emphasis is primarily form and the relationship dynamics surrounding it. This chapter is about Concrete objects. It briefly shows us form in relation to size, color, tone and saturation and goes into explaining the next few important relationships. First it speaks on the idea of a contour line being the perceived limitation in which an object or shape can be seen in. it’s kind of like a guideline; maybe even a children’s coloring book. If a child colors outside the lines far enough, it starts to lose its original shape and becomes a random form. Laborg mentions the difference between the three types of forms: geometric, organic and abstract or random forms. Geometric is calculable and symmetric in nature, organic is a bit more free-flowing and something you might find in nature and abstract is taking things outside the perception of being recognizable. We then go back to defining size, color tone and saturation. Size is an object or surface’s width, height and depth in relation to its surroundings. Color is the variance of light wavelengths which reflect off of a surface and gives it the color in which the object is precieved.

In the article “Contrast and Meaning” by Andy Rutledge, Andy talks about components of form, the object that contour lines create in contrast with each other. He shows a small picture of four squares in a row all equally spaced apart. What makes this contrasting is the third square in the image is twice the size of the other ones. It shows a hierarchy by size. He also shows examples for 4 contrasting textures, forms, form, position and orientation. He gives a really great example of a contrast in reality. If you look at a cheetah, you know the cheetah is fast. In relation to a jet airplane, a cheetah doesn’t compare in speed; it contrasts greatly. Imagine a single shape is that cheetah. That shape isn’t small if it isn’t compared to something else. When a larger shape is introduced into the picture, the smaller shape now seems small. The same can be said when it comes to color. Variance in color can change your perception of that color. If you take a dark blue and stick it behind a maroon color, that dark red begins to brighten up because of its color value on the color wheel. Gradation of color when losing its saturation can also show importance within a composition. How strong the vibrancy of the colors are can reveal hierarchy.


This color wheel shows a beautiful representation of color degradation or saturation. The colors on the outside are more vibrant and catches the eye of the viewer


This image is a great example of a combination of a geometric and an abstract shape. It has an overarching theme of geometric but you can see the abstraction within the composition. The variance in value to show light and dark is really beautiful as well.


This is an image of contour lines being used to create a three dimensional looking object. While the lines don’t complete the entire image, the imprint of the image is clearly there. You can identify the shapes and the form the lines are creating.


This piece is simple but straight to the point. All these circles are the same and they create a pattern. The singular circle near the middle is contrasting the others. This circle is that cheetah. In relation to its surroundings, it is given the perspective of being small in comparison.